Below are the symptoms of Duchenne muscular dystrophy, the most common form of the disease. Muscular dystrophy is a group of diseases that cause progressive weakness and loss of muscle mass. Types of muscular dystrophy include: Genetic tests can help diagnose the condition, but theyâre also important for people with a family history of the disease who are planning to start a family. Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy causes weakness in your facial, neck, and shoulder muscles. Muscle pain and stiffness are other symptoms of muscular dystrophy, although they can also be attributed to many other less serious conditions. They may ask: They also may ask you questions about how your child plays, moves, and speaks, as well as how they act at home and at school. "What are the treatments for muscular dystrophy?". A protein known as dystrophin is essential for the normal functioning of muscles, the deficiency of this protein weakens the muscles and their working. Muscular dystrophy (MD) represents a group of nine inherited muscle disorders that involve a combination of muscle weakness and muscle wasting; though some types of the disease also present with other characteristics. Other common signs of muscular dystrophy include: Scoliosis (sideways curved spine) In general, children with the condition: Your doctor will need to check different parts of your childâs body to know if they have muscular dystrophy. Myotonic dystrophy , also known as Steinert's disease, is the most common adult form of MD, although half of all cases are diagnosed in people under 20 years old. Usually, symptoms develop during the teen years, with most people noticing some problems by age 20, although weakness in some muscles can begin as early as infancy and as late as the 50s. This content does not have an Arabic version. Â© 2005 - 2021 WebMD LLC. Becker muscular dystrophy causes similar symptoms as DMD, with a couple of typical differences: Later onset of symptoms (twenties and thirties) Muscle weakness starts … Duchenne muscular dystrophy is the most common and severe form of the disease. The … Genes contain the information your cells need to make proteins that control all of the different functions in the body. They can help your child connect with others like them and give you and your family advice and understanding. Remember that itâs OK to ask a doctor, counselor, family, or friends for help with any stress, sadness, or anger you may feel. Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is the most common type. Your doctor will recommend a treatment based on the type of muscular dystrophy your child has. Muscular dystrophy. CDC: "Facts About Muscular Dystrophy," "Treatment and Care. It usually starts when a child is between ages 2 and 5. Becker muscular dystrophy, which causes less severe symptoms than Duchenne MD. In: Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine. Muscular dystrophy occurs in both sexes and in all ages and races. Most of these mutations are inherited. Others will get worse more quickly. Spasticity management for spinal cord injury, Muscular dystrophy, Spinal cord injury, Gait unsteadiness, Spasticity, Pe... diatric trauma, Spina bifida, Cerebral palsy, Acquired brain disorder, Traumatic brain injury. What kind of muscular dystrophy do they have? Make a donation. As with other types of muscular dystrophy, myotonic dystrophy involves progressive muscle weakness and muscle wasting. This happens when one of your genes gets a defect on its own. Emery-Dreiffuss muscular dystrophy: It mostly affects children. Support groups are also good places to talk to other people who have lived with muscular dystrophy. Each form of muscular dystrophy is caused by a genetic mutation particular to that type of the disease. Myotonic dystrophy can appear at any time between birth and old age. Muscular Dystrophy Symptoms and Treatment Muscular dystrophy is a group of genetic conditions in which muscles become weak and wasted. Doctors can also test a sample of their blood to look for the genes that cause muscular dystrophy. Signs and Symptoms What happens to someone with distal muscular dystrophy (DD)? How muscular dystrophy affects you or your child depends on the kind. You can talk with your doctor or a genetics counselor to find out what the results of this test mean for you and your children. But there are many treatments that can improve symptoms and make life easier for you and your child. Accessed Dec. 21, 2019. NINDS muscular dystrophy information page. The age of onset, progression, and severity of facioscalpulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) vary a great deal. Chicago, Illinois 60601. 2018; doi.10.1016/S1474-4422(18)30024-3. You can get muscular dystrophy even if neither of your parents had the disease. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. For most types of muscular dystrophy, symptoms start to show up in childhood or in the teen years. In: Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2020. But that doesnât happen to everyone. DM 1 is also called Steinert’s disease. The age of onset varies as well. Over time, affected people begin to have difficulty walking, frequent falls, difficulty with muscle skills (such as running, hopping, and jumping), and loss of muscle mass. But medications and therapy can help manage symptoms and slow the course of the disease. Examples include: Seek medical advice if you notice signs of muscle weakness — such as increased clumsiness and falling — in you or your child. Advice and understanding on its own 8,000 people worldwide dystrophy information Page. `` site constitutes agreement. 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